Archive for general computer maintenance tips

Have you ever experienced using a computer then suddenly it hanged and stayed on one page for a long time? This is a common scenario especially when a computer becomes exhausted because it has been used for a long period of time. It may also be caused by malicious software (malware) or viruses that may have corrupted some files on your registry.

Knowing what to do during these critical situations will help you save your computer from further damages that may prove to be very expensive repairs in the long run. Prevent the spread of malicious software and save your computer from damages. Learn when to “Reboot” your computer and spare yourself from these problems.

When and Why?

Computers depend on a lot of executable programs saved on your RAM in order for it to run properly. Over time as you use your machine for a lot of your work, your RAM may become overwhelmed and experience some errors and have corrupted files in it. It is also possible that your registry has been infected by a type of virus which causes the computer hang, errors and crashes. Rebooting your PC when these errors occur helps lessen the impact and may even fix the existing errors and restore your system to a safe state.

Situations That Needs a Reboot

1.    Reboot After a New Program Installation

Your system will automatically alert you to reboot your computer after a new program is installed to it. This is primarily needed to enable your system to properly write all the needed files and information on your drive. Failing to reboot your computer will render the program useless. The program will not work properly unless a soft reboot/ restart is done.

2.    Reboot When an Internal Problem Caused Your Computer to Hang

The type of reboot applicable to this problem depends on the situation. If your mouse pointer can still access the windows logo on the lower left corner of your screen then you can do the soft reboot of “restart” by choosing the right option. If in case the screen or the window hanged totally (the pointer can’t be moved and the shortcut keys are not working) then a hard reboot is needed. It is done by holding the power key for about 5-7 seconds until the indicator lights on your machine turns off.

3.    Reboot To Safe Mode When Computer Suddenly Shuts Down

 

Rebooting to safe mode is needed when an error happens or the machine suddenly turned off due to power outage or not enough battery power. It is recommended that you choose the safe mode option on the start-up screen upon turning your machine on to help your system cope up with any errors and fix it without sacrificing other files.

4.    Reboot When Reinstalling Your Operating System

This option is needed when you already decided to reformat your computer due to viruses that can’t even be removed. It is done by pressing F12 when prompted after the power button is pressed. F12 will show you the booting up options but before turning your PC on you must place your installer disk on the DVD drive first for it to be detected upon booting up.

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Rebooting a PC may sound quite complicated but it doesn’t need to be so. A computer is an important machine that has become an essential part of the day to day tasks of modern living. No matter what type of machine you own, whether it’s a desktop computer or the lightweight, portable version we commonly call “laptops”, knowing the basics when something goes wrong is an essential knowledge that a computer owner must possess.

Have you ever suffered from computers that hang for almost an hour and refused to be controlled or shutdown using the ways you know? If you already did then you might have missed to do this thing called a “reboot”.

Ways of Doing a Computer Reboot

There are 2 known ways of rebooting a PC which you can try for yourself. One is called a “soft reboot” and the other is known as the “hard reboot”. Both works perfectly depending on the type of problem you have. A soft reboot is commonly needed for computers that suffered minor system hangs or other related errors which causes some programs to stop working properly. A hard reboot on the other hand serves best for major system problems like a computer that has been logging on for almost an hour or a totally unresponsive screen where nothing is clickable anymore of the shutdown button is inaccessible anymore.

Soft PC Reboot

If your machine has a program that is unresponsive or something that keeps on loading but is not opened after a long period of time then you are suffering from an internal error that needs to be fixed. A soft reboot is needed for this type of problem. It is easily done by clicking the windows logo on the lower left corner of your computer screen and choosing the arrow right button just beside the shutdown button. When you already did that you just simply need to click the “Restart” option and you’re done!

Hard PC Reboot

A hard PC reboot is needed if your computer has been on one window and stays there for almost an hour and the options are inaccessible or are refusing to be clicked. This is a major problem that might have been caused by a program or a memory error which can only be fixed by executing a hard reboot. Hard Rebooting your computer will fix all program and system errors and will restore everything to the normal state. This is done by pressing on the power button and holding it for about 5-7 seconds until the computer has powered down. Once the power is down, wait for about 15-20 seconds more before turning the machine on again.

The Effects

Both types of rebooting your computer may cause data loss. It is always recommended that you save any work you are doing before rebooting your pc. You can do it by using the keys just in case the mouse pointer is not working. Using the arrow keys and the tab button as well as the enter button will help you navigate your window and access the file folder where you can save your work. Always do it the safe soft reboot way and avoid doing the hard reboot often if possible.

 

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A computer, just like any investment you have needs to be protected. Computers are prone to a lot of security, hardware and software problems that can worsen if not solved right away. One common problem that a computer may suffer as you use it over time is a “crash”. Preventing this problem from happening proves to be a better step than solving or fixing the effects left after it occurs.

What Happens During a Crash?

Your computer contains a lot of information in the form of bits of data stored in your hard drive. Over time, these sets of data become mixed up and as you add more content to your computer like songs, pictures and other files important to you and the more games you install, the slower your computer becomes and the more likely it can crash at some point in time. A crash may occur when you run a lot of programs at the same time. It can also occur if you are fond of installing illegal software to your computer like those patch and crack versions offered in some sites. Internal memory crashes can also be caused by viruses, malware and adware that comes in contact with any file especially the executable ones.

Using an Antivirus Prevents Crashes

Your antivirus software can prevent crashes especially those that are caused by malware, adware or any other viruses that are luring around the cyberspace you usually surf and engage into. Antivirus software contains useful components that protect your system from any harm. Virus protection software protects you from crashes silently but effectively in the following ways:

  1. 1.       Scanning and moving harmful threats into a quarantine section

Virus protection software automatically moves a potential threat to a special quarantine folder where it is confined away from other files on your system. This prevents further infection on other files which commonly causes crashes.

  1. 2.       Automatic detection of any harmful software component

Most virus protection software is also able of automatically detecting any malicious component on crack and patch versions of software you are installing which renders the software useless so as to prevent other files from being corrupted and other system components from crashing.

  1. 3.       Malware and spyware protection

Almost all antivirus software at present has a malware and spyware protection component which shields your system against malicious software whenever you are connected to the internet. Most of these malicious programs are harmful especially when it gains access to some files on your RAM. Having one of this can cause a slow computer, frequent crashes and data loss.

 

Other Ways of Preventing Crashes

Limiting downloads to those that you only use and deleting unused files also works effectively in preventing crashes. Unused programs should also be uninstalled in order to free up some system resource (RAM) and hard disk space as well. Avoid storing too much data and running a lot of programs altogether. Windows also has free utilities like disk defragment and disk cleanup which can help organize files and cleanup the junks. Preventing your computer from crashing is just a matter of knowing your system capacity, protecting it with antivirus program and regularly cleaning it. Do these regularly and enjoy a crash-free machine!

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For someone who completely depends on computers for their everyday work, there is no greater disaster than a computer system crashing or a disk collapsing. When you are experiencing disk crashing, your data, files, and other types of data that are saved in your computer drive might be lost. It is important to be aware of preventions and solutions when this situation occurs. You have to know beforehand what to do when your computer system breaks down, especially if you have important contents in your files which you can’t afford to lose. The good news is there are ways to prevent your files or data from permanent deletion.

The solution is called Data Recovery. Recovering lost data may prove to be a complicated and expensive task but there are steps that can be taken done to lessen and minimize the negative impact it brings. Knowing these prevention and recovery steps proves to be very helpful in preserving and recovering your critical files. Using RAID 5 architecture, incorporating physical security and as well as logical security measures to your business/ enterprise information system will help prevent data loss and ease up data recovery.

Using RAID 5 Configurations

 Redundant Array of Independent Disks (RAID 5) are configurations that utilizes 2 or more disks in storing mirror images, backups and redundant set of files to ensure that all critical files can still be recovered even if one drive fails.

RAID 1 Configuration

This type of configuration makes use of 2 disks each functioning as storage for files by mirroring. This level of architecture provides fast read and write speed and is effective in today’s modern multi-thread operating systems like Linux or Windows however, recovery is possible only if 1 disk out of the 2 fails. Redundancy in this type of configuration is 100%.

RAID 5 Configuration

 The RAID 5 configuration takes advantage of 3 hard drives configured as one however; at least 1 of these drives is used as a backup. This architecture is most effective in higher database applications. One failing drive in RAID 5 architecture will command the backup drive to wake into action making data recovery possible. Performance suffers during read, modify and write of files but efficiency in higher data volume is better.

Both configurations Raid 5 and Raid 1 work best in securing an image or a backup of any file you store in a computer making data recovery possible.

Preventive Steps

As mentioned earlier, data recovery is a costly process making it worthy to be prevented and avoided at all cost. Information is more important than money in today’s technology driven world and avoiding data loss is always better than paying for the consequences.

Physical Security

Physical Security is often an overlooked aspect in business but losing data due to fire, theft, burglary and other disasters cause real disaster. Some ways of improving physical security is by putting obstacles along the way like multiple locks, firewalls, sprinklers and fence. Placing surveillance and notification systems also helps put more physical security steps in place for your enterprise. How much physical security you need depends largely on the exposure to others your computer system has, how much you trust them and the available budget allocated to this purpose.

Logical Security

Logical security on the other hand guards your files from attackers in the online environment which can cause loss of data. Viruses are a common cause to this. Hackers also take advantage of the Internet to break into a company’s financial information. Logical security can be enhanced by using software that safeguards computers and networks from viruses and human attackers. Some ways of improving logical security includes file encryption, biometric information systems, passwords and authentication.

Both physical security and logical security steps are essential in securing a company’s critical files against loss, theft and permanent damage making data recovery still possible after minor or major disasters.

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Your computer contains some files stored in one device known as a “Hard Drive”. These files stay there until you decide to delete it for good. Your hard drive can store files in a varied size and limitations. Hard drives in the past 2 years had a memory capacity of 100, 150, 200 260GB’s but the latest trend at present already reached up to 600Gigabyte-1Terabyte. Imagine carrying such a massive memory capacity on your computer. It’s about double the memory an average computer owner has on his machine. As memory capacity increases, the price also jacks up higher.

Whether you are selling your computer or just suffering from a slow computer, cleaning your hard drive is important. Find out why by reading through the items below.

Benefits of Cleaning up your Hard Drive

Cleaning it Speeds up Your Computer

The files in your hard drive, as you use it every day becomes mixed up and fragmented. Related files become separated from each other and stored in other parts of the drive making the access to these files quite hard causing your computer to behave slower. Cleaning up your drive using “file error checking” and defragment utilities helps organize related files and speed up access to files and the overall performance of your computer as well.

Cleaning Your Hard Drive Prevents Viruses

When a disk cleanup is executed regularly, your computer becomes more protected from errors caused by viruses, adware and malwares since most of the errors created by these devils are fixed right away and the viruses are deleted instantly.

Regularly Cleaning it Prevents Major Damages

A clean hard drive is a great advantage to anyone who owns a computer. Not only it helps speed up your virtual office functions, it also assures you that your computer is working normally and spares you from major software problems leading to major problems like replacement of your RAM or your hard drive. Cleaning your hard drive regularly is really a must in maintaining its good state.

Cleaning Your Drive Prevents Crashes, Errors and Booting Up Problems

Crashes, internal memory and boot up errors are all caused by a poorly maintained drive. Errors and corrupted files on your registry also cause problems which develop into more serious ones if not addressed right away. Cleaning up your drive helps prevent these things from happening.

Cleaning it up Before Selling Your Computer Prevents Unauthorized Access To Files

If you already decided to trade your computer then it’s always advised that you reformat and delete everything first but of course, backing up everything is also needed to preserve your important files for it to be transferred to the new computer you will be having as a replacement. Doing this prevents other people from accessing any of your private files illegally whether it is intentional or not.

The hard drive in your computer serves as the storage of everything. Taking good care and maintaining it regularly assures a safe, better and faster computer that will surely serve all your virtual needs.

Categories Computer Enhancements
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You probably wonder what a defraggler is. If you’re suffering from a slow computer or if your machine has been suffering from a lot of errors and crashes then you probably need a program that can do this.

A defraggler is a program that can organize all the files on your hard drive. Your computer’s main storage becomes filled with files from all the games, programs and documents you store in it. You also get some files from the internet pages and websites you regularly visit which are commonly referred to as junk or temporary files in the form of browsing history and web certificates.

All of these files are stored into your hard drive but some are located far from each other. For instance, some files for an installed program may be located in places too far from each other making the access to it very slow resulting to a slow processing time or the program takes time to open.

What Should You Do?

One thing that you should do is to organize all the files but this job is not done by you manually. This is where a defraggler enters the picture. There are lots of software offered free to download and use which you can have to achieve maximum performance on your computer. You can choose from the list below.

Windows Disk Defragment

Your windows computer has a free utility called “Disk Defragment” which is part of the accessories that comes with the version of windows you installed to your computer. You can use this one for your defragmenting needs.

Piriform Defraggler

This free defraggler was made by Piriform and is a good defragmenting software considering that it’s offered free. This software also gives you an option to defragment a specific folder like a huge library of songs or other types of files. Unlike the windows disk defragment utility, this doesn’t come with your windows computer but don’t worry, you can get it for free from a lot of sources in the net by typing the name on your search engine.

Disk Defrag

Developed by Auslogics, this defragment software can defrag multiple files in one operation. It can also do the process in 38-40 minutes. This is best for those who have a little time waiting for the process to finish because of office tasks. Best of all, it works well for any version of windows and is available free to download too!

Diskeeper

This is probably the best one available in the market but of course, anything that works best comes with a price. Diskeeper is available at about $39 and the price you will be paying is worth everything. It can check and fix file errors, put important files on easy-to-access places, it updates automatically, and a lot more! It is also compatible to any file system format and any version of windows that you have. Having this software installed on your computer will surely make it work like new again!

Categories Computer Maintenance
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Whether it’s XP, Vista or Windows 7 that you own, there’s always a set of maintenance tips you should regularly follow in order to preserve your computer’s performance and have a better experience with it as an owner. A computer’s memory normally slows down and starts to deteriorate as time goes by and you use it for a lot of your home, office and social needs. Prevent major computer problems by exerting a little effort in maintaining it. Don’t waste the amount you invested on it and start using your machine to improve your social media presence, your job and your life as well. Be a responsible computer owner and reap the good things that you would get from it.

How to Maintain Your Computer

1. Check the Programs You Install

Before choosing a program to install, be sure that it is compatible to your computer’s system. A 32-bit system will work well withGeneral Computer Maintenance Tips 32-bit compatible programs and the same is true with other versions. Choosing the programs you install will help improve your computer’s performance.

2. Regularly Scan for Malwares, Adware and Viruses

Your computer might have accumulated a lot of data which contains malicious software. A regular scan using your antivirus software will help detect these tiny devils which make your computer slow and remove them from your computer at the instant that it is detected. Regularly updating your antivirus is also a must and will complete this maintenance step.

3. Defragment Your Drive on a Regular Basis

Doing this maintenance task helps your drive perform faster. Once a defragment task is executed, all related files on your drive are grouped into an organized manner thereby eliminating fragmentation. This helps increase your drives performance and makes access to data easier. This maintenance task should also be done regularly.

4. Clean and Fix Errors and Make it a Habit

A slow computer contains errors on its registry or on any other place on your operating system. A free utility on your windows called “File error checking” can be used to search all errors and fix it right away. Windows registry software can also be downloaded free from lots of sources in the internet. All you need to do is to search, install and perform an error checking on a regular basis to maintain your computer.

 5. Organize Your Files Manually

As a computer owner, you should also do your duty of maintaining and organizing your files and putting them in proper places and folders. Organizing your files lessens the risk of any viruses from rapidly infecting a lot of files. It also makes your computer less stressed and save some battery juice.

6. Delete or Uninstall All Unused Programs

Check all the programs running in the background which you can see on the right side of your taskbar and ask yourself if you really need all of those. If you discovered some that you don’t need then disable, uninstall and delete those to save some RAM memory and make your machine perform faster.

This list is just a quick rundown of what you can do as a computer owner. Perform all the maintenance tips mentioned above and enjoy a better computer performance for a longer period of time!

 

 

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